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Chapter 12: Endocrine System

Annette Vizzetti has insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). She is a regular patient at Valley Clinic and has come in today for a regular health check. The physician is interested in knowing what Ms. Vizzetti’s average blood glucose levels have been for the last 2 to 3 months. Which of the following tests is the physician most likely to order?

a. TSH

b. GTT

c. HbA1c

d. fasting blood glucose

When Ms. Vizzetti was first diagnosed with IDDM, she complained to her physician of the three “polys,” the classic signs of diabetes. Which of the following is not one of them?

a. polyphagia

b. polydipsia

c. polyphasia

d. polyuria

Normal blood glucose level is 60 to 99. When Ms. Vizzetti checks her glucose today, she notes that the result is 172. The correct medical term for this condition is:

a. hypercalcemia

b. hyperglycemia

c. hyperkalemia

d. hypernatremia

Ms. Singh has been ill for the past 2 days with stomach flu. Her symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting. She has not been able to keep food or fluids down and has become moderately dehydrated. Because of her diarrhea and poor intake, her blood potassium level is below normal. The correct term for this is:

a. hyponatremia

b. hypocalcemia

c. hypokalemia

d. hypoglycemia

Because Ms. Singh is dehydrated, her blood sodium level is higher than normal. The correct term for this is:

a. hypernatremia

b. hypercalcemia

c. hyperkalemia

d. hyperglycemia

Which of the following combining forms means poison?

a. thyr/o

b. thym/o

c. toxic/o

d. thyroid/o

Which of the following combining forms means extremities?

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