Chapter 7: Domain I: Injury and Illness Prevention and Wellness Promotion
Which of the following is considered an intrinsic risk factor?
A. Being a female high school athlete
B. Practicing when the temperature is 85°F and the humidity is 85%
C. Running on a cross country wooded trail
D. Using an inflatable bladder football helmet
E. Participating in a contact sport
A: Intrinsic factors are directly related to the athlete and include factors such as age, gender, and physical stature. Extrinsic factors relate to the environment, equipment, type of activity, and amount of exposure to injury.44 Question Level: A
Osteoporosis is a condition that predominantly affects older women. Which of the following prevention strategies would provide the most significant impact?
A. Moderate swimming and increased vitamin C intake
B. Weight-bearing activities and increased calcium intake
C. Maintaining 10% body fat and using a minimal-resistance stationary bike
D. Increased electrolytes and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication
E. Avoidance of physical activity and dairy products
B: Increased weight bearing and increased calcium intake enhance bone strength, therefore decreasing the risk of developing osteoporosis and bone weakness. Weight-bearing activities apply stresses to the bones, resulting in an increase in compressive load tolerance.44 Question Level: A
An athlete demonstrates limited passive dorsiflexion at the preparticipation screening. Which of the following factors is most likely restricting this motion?
A. Strength of the posterior tibialis muscle
B. Strength of the peroneal muscles
C. Flexibility of the toe extensor muscles
D. Flexibility of the Achilles tendon complex
E. Strength of the anterior tibialis muscle
D: Passive motion is used to assess noncontractile structures and flexibility of contractile tissues being put on stretch. When the ankle joint is passively dorsiflexed, the ankle joint plantar flexors are put on stretch.50 Question Level: A
You are the athletic trainer at a high school that sponsors 22 sports. There are approximately 500 athletes. For this high school, which preparticipation examination format is the most effective and efficient?
A. Provide a station-based examination with the assistance ...