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Chapter 14. Nutrition for Athletes With Illness or Injury

After a bout of very strenuous exercise training, what is the typical maximum amount of time that an athlete’s immune system could experience weakened function?

A. 12 hours

B. 24 hours

C. 48 hours

D. 72 hours

Which of the following substances have been shown by research-supported evidence to act as effective nutrition interventions in exercise immunology?

A. Quercetin and vitamin A

B. Vitamin E and probiotics

C. Carbohydrate and quercetin

D. Multivitamin supplement and glutamine

Which of the following gastrointestinal disorders when untreated is MOST likely to lead to severe disability and ultimately death?

A. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

B. Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP)

C. Celiac disease

D. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Which of the following cardiovascular events is often reported as the first indication of an underlying cardiovascular disease in previously asymptomatic athletes?

A. Sudden cardiac arrest

B. Heart murmur

C. Myocardial infarction

D. Aortic aneurism

For exercisers with type 1 diabetes, what is the amount of blood glucose considered too low to begin a workout session to avoid hypoglycemia?

A. 80 mg/dL

B. 90 mg/dL

C. 100 mg/dL

D. 110 mg/dL

Jonathan has type 2 diabetes and has made efforts to change his lifestyle to improve his health. According to his physician, Jonathan has experienced many positive health changes due to his exercise program and diet modifications, including weight loss. Which of the following is the most likely positive adaptation due to his lifestyle changes?

A. Increased insulin resistance

B. Decreased insulin resistance

C. Increased protein in the urine

D. Decreased use of blood fats for energy

Women ...

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