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Chapter 12. Weight Management and Energy Balance

Jennifer is 5′7″ and weighs 190 pounds. What is her BMI?

A. 19 kg/m2

B. 25 kg/m2

C. 30 kg/m2

D. 35 kg/m2

Over the past year, Cynthia has gained 15 pounds. Assuming this weight gain is the result of excess energy intake, how many total extra calories has Cynthia consumed beyond her body’s average daily needs to create the added weight over the past year?

A. 35,000 calories

B. 46,500 calories

C. 52,500 calories

D. 60,000 calories

Christina is a 60-year-old woman who weighs 190 pounds (86 kg) and has an estimated body fat of 36%. Her goal is to reduce her body fat to 23%. What will her corresponding body weight be when she reaches her goal of 23% body fat, assuming all weight loss is from fat?

A. 138 pounds

B. 148 pounds

C. 158 pounds

D. 168 pounds

Follow-up assessments show that a female client with whom you have been working has lost 5 pounds (2.3 kg), but has seen little change in her body composition. Her current exercise routine consists of walking for 40 minutes, 4 days per week. What modification would be MOST important to improve body composition at this time?

A. Add resistance training 2 to 3 days per week to maintain lean body mass and resting metabolic rate.

B. Increase cardiorespiratory exercise intensity to increase caloric expenditure so that she will lose more weight.

C. Decrease caloric intake by 200 kilocalories per day to facilitate greater fat loss.

D. Increase protein consumption to maintain lean body mass while losing weight.

A client tells you in his initial interview that he would like to lose 40 pounds (18.2 kg) in 2 months. What is a more realistic time frame for this weight to be lost safely and effectively?

A. 10 weeks

B. 14 weeks

C. 17 weeks


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