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Chapter 9. Nutritional Strategies for Competitive Endurance, Strength, and Power Athletes

For which of the following nutrients do athletes typically have an increased requirement, when compared to the general population?

A. Vitamins

B. Minerals

C. Carbohydrates

D. Fat

When glycogen in muscles is depleted, it is difficult to maintain the high initial workload unless the blood glucose concentration is elevated by carbohydrate consumption. Athletes call this condition:

A. The training effect

B. The second wind

C. Hitting the wall

D. Hypoglycemia

It is a good idea, especially for adult women athletes, to have blood hemoglobin regularly checked to detect for a possible deficiency of what mineral?

A. Calcium

B. Potassium

C. Copper

D. Iron

Which of the following statements best describes the reason that carbohydrate loading days before a competition leads to weight gain in athletes?

A. Glucose requires water to be stored as glycogen.

B. Sodium is often found in high-carbohydrate foods, which leads to bloating.

C. Extra carbohydrate-calorie consumption results in increased body fat.

D. Energy from carbohydrates is stored more readily as fat compared to other nutrients.

Which of the following statements is true regarding carbohydrate consumption and endurance athletes?

A. A majority of athletes that have been studied experience hyperinsulinemia and rebound hypoglycemia at some point during competition.

B. Athletes who experience the physiological symptoms of rebound hypoglycemia most often see a decrease in athletic performance.

C. Consuming carbohydrates 1 hour prior to exercise provides more benefit to athletic performance than the potential harm of rebound hypoglycemia.

D. Endurance athletes should avoid carbohydrate consumption in the hour prior to exercise due to the risk of rebound hypoglycemia.

How many additional calories per day will a strength athlete need to eat in order to gain one pound of lean muscle mass per week?

A. 200 ...

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