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Chapter 4. Vitamins, Minerals, Electrolytes, and Water

Which of the following statements about vitamins is true?

A. Vitamins are essential nutrients.

B. Vitamins are inorganic compounds.

C. Large amounts of vitamins are needed for overall good health.

D. There are 10 vitamins in all.

Which of the following nutrients can be stored in the body for extended periods of time?

A. Vitamin C

B. Biotin

C. Thiamin

D. Vitamin D

What is an important function of vitamin A?

A. Vision

B. Lowering of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol

C. Absorption of calcium and phosphorus

D. Cell membrane protection

Plant oils are excellent sources of ________ and liver is an excellent source of ________.

A. vitamin K; vitamin A

B. vitamin E; vitamin D

C. vitamin E; vitamin A

D. vitamin D; vitamin K

Which of the following nutrients plays an integral role in the development of the bones and teeth, muscle contraction, and blood pressure control?

A. Amino acids

B. Calcium

C. Triglycerides

D. Phosphorous

A lack of which of the following substances is known to be the cause of the most common micronutrient deficiency in the world?

A. Folate

B. Iron

C. Niacin

D. Biotin

Which of the following nutrients provide the body with necessary electrolytes?

A. Vitamins

B. Proteins

C. Minerals

D. Fats

Symptoms of dehydration during exercise include all of the following except:


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