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Chapter 3. Fat

Which of the following substances, when oxidized, distributes cholesterol to the inner linings or walls of arteries and may form a plaque and ultimately cause atherosclerosis?

A. Chylomicrons

B. Phospholipids

C. Intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDLs)

D. Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs)

Olives, nuts, seeds, and avocados are excellent sources of which type of fat?

A. Monounsaturated fat

B. Polyunsaturated fat

C. Saturated fat

D. Hydrogenated fat

Which of the following statements about the dietary fat recommendations is most accurate?

A. The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans promotes a low-fat diet.

B. Replacing saturated fats with refined carbohydrates is a good way to meet the recommendations to consume less than 10% of calories as saturated fat.

C. The type of fat a person eats is more important than the total amount of fat.

D. Dietary cholesterol should be limited to less than 200 milligrams per day.

Which of the following statements is true regarding the latest research on dietary fat?

A. A healthy, balanced diet should not include saturated fats.

B. The evidence against saturated fat is not as strong as originally interpreted.

C. Trans fats can be included in small amounts in a balanced diet.

D. It is not the type of fat intake, but rather the amount of fat that is important for health.

Which of the following hormones is responsible for the increased feelings of satiety after a high-fat meal?

A. Ghrelin

B. Insulin

C. Glucocorticoid

D. Cholecystokinin

Which of the following anatomical structures is typically activated by cold and functions to expend energy?

A. Muscle tissue

B. Brown fat

C. White fat

D. Collagen

According to the Dietary ...

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