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FLASHCARDS

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TABLE 1-1 First Aid and Acute Care Competency Checklist
Shock Frostbite
Anaphylaxis External Hemorrhage: Laceration
Seizure Diabetic Emergency
Internal Hemorrhage: Kidney Epidural Hematoma
Sickle Cell Trait Asthma Attack

Waxy, white appearance

Tingling, pain

Prolonged exposure

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Rapid, weak pulse

Cool, clammy skin

Elevate legs

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Scraping/tearing of tissue

Minimal bleeding

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Trouble breathing

Cool, clammy skin

Injector held 10 sec.

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Confusion

Pale, bluish lips

Fruity breath

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Sweating

Posturing

Disorientation

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Direct blow

Initially asymptomatic

Symptoms deteriorate rapidly

Unequal pupils

Life-threatening emergency

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Direct blow

Rigid muscles

Hematuria

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Trouble breathing

Chest tightness

Wheezing

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Severe pain in limbs

Flu-like symptoms

Upper right quadrant rigid

Abnormal blood cells

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Traction Splint AED
Airway Adjunct Conscious Choking Sequence
Administer Oxygen C-Spine Stabilization and Backboarding
Bag-Valve Mask Recovery Position
Check/Call/Care Unconscious Choking Sequence

Portable

No metal or water

Analyze heart rhythm

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Direct blow

Leg length discrepancy

Long bone stabilizing

Equipment post femoral fracture

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Encourage coughing

Gasping for air

Obtain consent

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Jaw thrust maneuver

Gag reflex absent

Device to administer oxygen

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Limp but conscious

Stabilize victim

Log roll

Facemask removal

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Used with breathing difficulty

Supplemental

Flowrate important

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Signs of life present

Responder must leave the scene or patient vomiting

Modified technique available

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Two-person technique

Delivers higher concentration of oxygen

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Unconscious victim

Ventilation unsuccessful

Reposition head but same result

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Emergency action sequence

Required response different per age group

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Helmet Fitting Acclimation
Knee Brace Ankle Taping
Orthotics

Preparticipation

Physical

Sling Psychrometer McConnell Taping
Hip Pointer Padding Lisfranc Injury

Weight chart

Practice gear regulations and modifications

Staggered practices

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Two fingers above the eyebrow

Thin object at cheek and ear

Injury prevention

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Prevention or post injury

Support ligaments

Anchors

Inversion/eversion pull

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Post injury or prevention

Correct alignment required

6" above and 6" below patella

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Family history

Identify medical issues

Orthopedic evaluation

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To assist with pes planus

Examine shoe wear pattern

Customized

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Corrective technique

Patella tracking

Typical lateral to medial realignment

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Assists with environmental conditions

Humid air

Dry air

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Forceful hyperplantar flexion of forefoot

Dorsal foot pain

Unable to bear weight

Unstable forefoot

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Doughnut shape

Ecchymosis at the iliac crest

Ace wrap to secure

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Lateral Ankle Sprain

Anterior Talofibular

Ligament

Achilles Tendon

Rupture

Fibula Fracture Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

Syndesmotic Ankle

Sprain

Sever's Disease
Morton's Neuroma Sesamoiditis
Jones Fracture LCL Tear

Gross deformity

Positive Thompson test

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Positive anterior drawer test

Laxity in sinus tarsi

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Chronic

Watery edema

Painful while wearing shoes

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Direct blow to lower leg

Pain laterally

No increased pain with weight-bearing

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Posterior calcaneal pain

Adolescent athlete

Pain with activity

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Pain is more proximal

Hyperdorsiflexion and external rotation of ankle

Positive Kleiger's test

Negative compression test

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Repetitive hyperextension

Plantar foot edema

Pain with push-off mechanism

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Plantar nerve affected

Numbness near third and fourth metatarsals

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Negative McMurray's (IR)

Positive varus test @ 0°

Negative apprehension test

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Excessive inversion and plantar flexion of foot

High nonunion rate

Positive tap/percussion test

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Unhappy Triad Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Patella Dislocation Chondromalacia
ACL Tear Pes Anserine Bursitis
Medial Meniscus Tear Patella Femoral Syndrome
MCL Sprain Hip ...

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