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This chapter focuses on the multiple-choice items of the Board of Certification (BOC) entry-level athletic trainer examination. These questions are taken from the six performance domains of athletic training identified by the Role Delineation Study (Table 5-1). Strategies for approaching the focused testlet stand-alone alternative items are discussed in Chapter 6.

TABLE 5-1Distribution of Multiple-Choice Questions by Domains Identified by the 1999 Role Delineation


Each multiple-choice question consists of a stem and five answer options. The stem presents the basic idea, or premise, of the question. Of the five possible answer options, only one is the correct answer; the other four are incorrect and are called distractors.

You will be faced with three types of multiple-choice questions designed to measure your ability to recall, apply, or analyze information. These three types of questions can be placed on a continuum whereby recall questions are the most basic; application questions require an additional level of thought; and analysis questions require the highest levels of processing.

Recall Questions

Recall questions require only that you remember facts, definitions, rules, and so on. Following are some examples.

Which of the following muscles is responsible for elbow flexion and forearm supination?

A. Triceps

B. Supinator

C. Biceps brachii

D. Anconeus

E. Brachioradialis

Option C is correct, because the biceps brachii is the only muscle that performs elbow flexion and forearm supination. This question tests your ability to recall basic anatomy.

Of the following joints, which one is proximal to the knee?

A. Subtalar

B. Calcaneocuboid

C. Tarsometatarsal

D. Hip

E. Tibiofibular

Option D is correct, because the hip is the only articulation above the knee. Note that some questions will test more than one type of knowledge. In this question, two skills are being tested: vocabulary, because the definition of proximal is ...

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