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  • Athletic identity The degree to which a person identifies the self as an athlete.

  • Burnout Psychological, emotional, and physical withdrawal from an activity that was previously enjoyable; a response to excessive stress and dissatisfaction with sports participation.

  • Coping skills Mechanisms that promote the ability to cope with a stressor or situation; built from experience or learned.

  • Demographic variables Factors that explain or provide context for data being gathered.

  • Extrinsic motivation Behavior that is driven by a desire to attain a specific outcome; motivation from an outside source.

  • Hardiness Stable personality trait composed of three components: perceived control over the situation, view of the situation as a challenge as opposed to a threat, and commitment to changing the situation.

  • Holistic Related to healing; a holistic approach includes all parts of the healing system—the mind and the body—in the healing process.

  • Injury severity Grading of an injury that includes the amount of deformity, disability, and lack of strength to complete daily living activities; typically includes strength, range of motion, and functional deficit.

  • Injury type Kind of injury; soft tissue or bony; relates to severity.

  • Intrinsic motivation Behavior that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself (e.g., personal best).

  • Mood state Transitory, fluctuating state of mind of the athlete.

  • Motivational orientation An individual propensity to be driven by internal or external factors.

  • Nonpharmacological pain management Strategies designed to increase an individual's perception of control over pain that he or she experiences.

  • Pain tolerance The ability of the patient to withstand pain or painful stimuli for a period of time.

  • Personality A stable trait of an individual's general emotional, behavioral, and attitudinal response patterns.

  • Positive affirmation A positive declaration of truth; used in rehabilitation and healing to improve mind-set and to motivate.

  • Psychological skills Mental skills, techniques by which the individual can use the mind to control the body or to create an outcome.

  • Psychosocial Integration of psychology and sociology within injury and healing processes; interplay between the two fields best captures individual and situational factors.

  • Recovery status The percentage toward recovery; can be seen as varying on a continuum from 10% to 100% or reported as "not fully recovered" or "fully recovered".

  • Relaxation Release of tension in the body; return to equilibrium.

  • Self-talk Internal and/or external statements to the self, multidimensional in nature, that have interpretive elements associated with their content; it is dynamic and serves at least two functions (instructional and motivational).

  • Subjective report What athletes or patients tell the practitioner about their injury or condition.

  • Thought stopping A psychological strategy that allows the athlete to gain control over the thought process, changing negative thoughts to more productive positive thoughts.



After reading this chapter, you will be able to:

  1. Recall basic research findings related to the psychosocial aspects of athletic injury and recovery, from injury prevention to return to play.

  2. Recognize the role of ...

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