Evidence-based practice is a growing influence in exercise science and sports medicine. This is most evident in the profession of athletic training. In athletic training, competencies have been added to accreditation standards that require evidence-based practice to be taught in all accredited curriculums. Similarly, the athletic training Board of Certification has added evidence-based practice as a category required to maintain certification through continuing education. Exercise science programs have less formal mechanisms for including evidencebased practice in their educational structure or credentialing, but the inclusion of scientific principles is implied by its name. Additionally, professional organizations such as the National Strength and Conditioning Association present principles of evidence-based practice in their mission statements.
Regardless of the specific profession with which you identify, extending scientific knowledge into professional practice is becoming increasingly important. It is also becoming the expectation of our clients and patients. Thus, the purpose of this book is to provide you with the tools needed:
to ask clinically relevant questions
to understand the different types of research available to practitioners and identify the resources applicable to the needs of specific clients and patients
to critically evaluate the quality of those resources
to synthesize those resources into a meaningful outcome for your client or patient.
Several features have been included in the book to help facilitate your understanding of evidence-based practice principles: